The course textbook: Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families (Goulet & Huber, eds.), 1993.
Suggested Texts and Readings:
Bohart, R. and A. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. A Generic Revision.Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley, 695 pp.
Bohart, R. & L. S. Kimsey. 1982. A synopsis of the Chrysididae in America north of Mexico. Mem. American Entomological Institute 33: 266 pp.
Brothers, D. 1975. Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate Hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 50:483-648
Carpenter, J. M. 1981. The phylogenetic relationships and natural classification of the Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). Systematic Entomology 7: 11-38.
Evans, H. 1978. The Bethylidae of America North of Mexico. Mem. American Entomological Institute 27: 332 pp.
Fernández & Sharkey [eds]. 2007. Introducción a la Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología y Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., xxx+894 pp.
Gauld, I. and Bolton, B. 1988. The Hymenoptera. British Museum (Natural History); Oxford University Press, London; Oxford; New York.
Gibson, G.A.P., J.T. Huber and J.B. Woolley (eds.) 1997. Annotated Keys to the Genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). National Research Council Canada, NRC Research Press, 794 pp.
Godfray, H. 1994. Parasitoids: Behavioural and Evolutionary Ecology. Princeton?University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Goulet, H. 1986. The genera and subgenera of the sawflies of Canada and Alaska: Hymenoptera: Symphyta. The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 20. Agriculture Canada Publication 1876. 235 pp.
Hanson, P. and I. Gauld. 1995. The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 332 pp.
Hanson & Gauld [eds]. 2006. Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. American Entomological Institute, Gainesville, Florida, 994 pp.
Masner, L. 1980. Key to Genera of Scelionidae of the Holarctic Region, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Mem. Entomological Society of Canada, 113: 54pp.
Menke A. and Fernandez F. 1996. Claves ilustradas para las subfamilias, tribus y generos de esfecidos neotropicales (Apoidea: Sphecidae) [Illustrated clues for subfamilies, tribes, and genera of neotropical Spheciade (Apoidea:Sphecidae)] Rev. Biologia Tropical 44 Suppl 2:1-68.
Olmi, M. 1984. A revision of the Dryinidae (Hymenoptera). Mem. American Entomological Institute 37: 1913 pp.
Quicke, D. 1997. Parasitic Wasps. Chapman and Hall, London. 470 pp.
Townes, H. 1969. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part 1. 300 pp. OUT OF PRINT, but CD-ROM version is now available for $23 from American Entomological Institute.
Townes, H. 1970. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part 2. 537 pp. OUT OF PRINT, but CD-ROM version is now available for $23 (or $85 for the set of all four parts) from American Entomological Institute.
Townes, H. 1970. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part 3. 307 pp. OUT OF PRINT, but CD-ROM version is now available for $23 (or $85 for the set of all four parts) from American Entomological Institute.
Townes, H. 1971. The genera of Ichneumonidae, part 4. 372 pp. OUT OF PRINT, but CD-ROM version is now available for $23 (or $85 for the set of all four parts) from American Entomological Institute.
Wharton, R., Marsh, P. and M. Sharkey, eds. 1997. Manual of the New World genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). International Society Hymenopterisits. Spec. Pub. 1.
We cover the following superfamilies/suborders: Ichneumonoidea, Chalcidoidea,
Mymarommatoidea, Cynipoidea, Proctotrupoidea, Evanioidea, Stephanoidea,
Trigonalyoidea, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea, Platygastroidea, Ceraphronoidea, and
We DO NOT cover bees (Apoidea) or ants (Formicoidea).
Each student will be required to supply the following:
1) Stereo microscope
2) Fiber-optic light source
3) Wireless-ready laptop computer
Three of the instructors (Buffington, Gates, and Kula) will have a limited supply of additional laptops and microscope setups available for participants that can demonstrate that they do not have access to these supplies.
The following supplies will be available to all students for use during the course.
Individuals who have certain supplies of their own are encouraged to bring them. This is especially true with regard to such items as the course books, insect nets, aspirators, fine forceps, etc.
Goulet & Huber, Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families
Note: Copies of local plant books and the Goulet & Huber book will be around the lab. Other miscellaneous books pertaining to Hymenoptera will be available for examination.
Cyanide killing tubes
Insect pins (#2 & #3)
Point punch, card stock paper and glue for double-mounting small specimens.
Insect storage boxes
"Pill" boxes for specimen field storage
The following items are things that you are expected to bring:
Notebook for course lectures, labs and seminars
Field notebook for use in the field [small, hardcover notebook]
Flashlight or headlamp for nocturnal collecting and general walking
Sweater and/or jacket [evenings can be cool]
Canteen or water bottle
Collecting bag or small backpack to carry gear in field
Paper and Ziploc bags to collect materials for rearing
Cash for local personal purchases
Recommend: treating field clothing, at least one set, with a permethrin soak.
The following items are things that you might consider bringing:
Swiss Army knife or multi-tool
There are various gift stores and shops in and around the Punta Cana Resort.
The main factors in hurricane preparedness obviously depend on when a hurricane strikes and how severe it is. Grupo PUNTACANA has a contingency plan that covers all programs with universities and courses similar to HYM Course.
If the course has not started, it is postponed until such a time as it can be re-offered and it has priority with respect to selection of dates.
If the program has started, we inform all faculty and students on site so they can determine whether they want to stay on site during the hurricane/storms or if they want to return home, if so, we help with rebooking with airlines and provide transportation back to the airport.
Since Grupo PUNTACANA provides its own electricity and water services, it has the best return rate in restoring water and electricity on site after any natural disaster.
Yes! We want students to go home with wasps that are correctly identified and properly labeled. We will be generating specimen labels at the Station. Remember that you will be returning with one or two insect boxes (that you didn't come with) and should anticipate this for your return packing.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife export forms (#3-177) will be available for all non-U.S. participants. However, these participants are responsible for any permits and/or paperwork required by their home countries.
All students are expected to pay Biodiversity Center fees and tuition prior to departure.
Room & Board = $280.00
Tuition = $700.00
Payments must be made in US dollars to the American Entomological Institute. They prefer a check drawn on a US bank or international money order; if this is difficult, arrangements can be made for a bank-to-bank fund transfer.
USDA Systematic Entomology Laboratory
HymAToL: Assembling the Hymenoptera Tree of Life
Punta Cana Ecological Foundation
Questions of a general nature about this course should be directed to Michael Gates,
Questions concerning the application process or payment should be directed to David Wahl,